新宿末広亭 つるし(行燈文字) 文治・圓生・小さん 圓蔵・馬生・正蔵

Hanging Lantern of Shinjuku Suehirotei 新宿末広亭 つるし(行燈文字) 文治・圓生・小さん 圓蔵・馬生・正蔵

Tachibana Ukon 橘右近/筆

The Shinjuku Suehirotei is a yose theater presenting rakugo comedy and other performances and located in Shinjuku san-chome, an area filled with restaurants and bars. Its current home was built in 1946; it is now the only yose theater in Tokyo in a wooden building. The front of the Suehirotei is decorated with signs and lanterns written in yose script, a distinctive type of calligraphy with strikingly broad strokes. The signs give the names of the yose performers, who change every ten days. The artifact shown here, Tsurushi, is a notice in the form of a yose hanging lantern that was used at the theater in the past. It gives the names of the main performers there: From the left, in the first row, (Yanagiya) Kosan, (Sanyutei) Ensho, and (Katsura) Bunji, and, in the second row, (Hayashiya) Shozo, (Kingentei) Basho, and (Tachibanaya) Enzo. In the distinctive brushwork of yose script, the characters are written with almost no space between them and with each rising diagonally to the right. Those features express the hope that the performers will attract large audiences to fill every seat in the theater. Yose script’s origins lie in bira-ji, a handbill script initiated by Eijiro, a dyer, in the Tempo era (1830-44). Both yose theater and its distinctive script flourished from the late Edo period through Meiji. In 1923, however, almost all Tokyo’s yose theaters burned down in the Great Kanto Earthquake, and yose script and bira-ji in general became almost extinct. Tachibana Ukon was a rakugo performer, but in 1949 he left the stage and worked to revive bira-ji, which had almost disappeared. Making some improvements in the traditional bira-ji style, he created what he named yose moji, yose script.
Collection of
Edo-Tokyo Museum
Hanging Lantern of Shinjuku Suehirotei
Collection ID
Tachibana Ukon
Creation Date
1970 20世紀 
90.5cm x 59.5cm
Edo-Tokyo Museum Digital Archives

Other items of Edo-Tokyo Museum (7939)

作品画像:浅草観音境内ニ於テ興行仕候 仏蘭西曲馬

French Circus in the Precincts of the Asakusa Kannon Temple

UTAGAWA Kuniteru Ⅱ

Edo-Tokyo Museum


Electric Desk Lamp-shaped Vacuum Tube Radio

Nihon Dempa Kabushikigaisha

Edo-Tokyo Museum


Scenes of Europe: [Monorail] (No. 272)

Edo-Tokyo Museum


List of Edo Billionaires

Edo-Tokyo Museum

作品画像:東京名所 浅草二王門之図

Famous Places in Tokyo: Nio Gate in Asakusa

HIROSE Harutaka

Edo-Tokyo Museum


Picture Scroll of the Sumida River

Edo-Tokyo Museum

作品画像:Close to the enemy!―in Japanese “siege parallel within 200yards of Russian fort PortArthur.

Close to the enemy!―in Japanese “siege parallel" within 200yards of Russian fort Port Arthur.

Edo-Tokyo Museum

作品画像:江戸名所百人美女 とりのまち

One Hundred Beautiful Women at Famous Places in Edo : Torinomachi Market

Utagawa Kunisada I, Utagawa Kunihisa

Edo-Tokyo Museum


Tobacco Pouch Made of Striped Textiles from China (Kandojima), with Netsuke

Shibata Zeshin

Edo-Tokyo Museum

作品画像:豊国漫画三ツ組盃 武智光秀・不破伴左ェ門・名古屋山三

The Flowers of Edo (A Collection of Actors' Portraits) : No. 23, Toyokuni Manga, a Set of Three Sake Cups : Takechi Mitsuhide, Fuwa Banzaemon, Nagoya Sanza

Utagawa Kunisada I , Yokokawa Horitake

Edo-Tokyo Museum

作品画像:画帖 五十三次名所図会

Pictures of the Famous Places on the Fifty-three Stations

Utagawa Hiroshige I

Edo-Tokyo Museum

作品画像:浄瑠璃八景 常盤津 荵売(墨水の夕月)

Eight Views of Joruri: The Tokiwazu Narrative Song Shinobuuri


Edo-Tokyo Museum

作品画像:いろは誠忠義士伝 き 奥田孫太夫重盛

The True Loyal Retainers : Ki, Okuda Magodayu Shigemori

Utagawa Toyokuni Ⅲ

Edo-Tokyo Museum

作品画像:大日本東京浅草公園 花堤

River Bank lined with Flowers at Tokyo Asakusa Park

Ezaki Reiji (Hayadori Shashinshi)

Edo-Tokyo Museum


Shore of “Royal” Lake (No. 171)

Edo-Tokyo Museum

作品画像:東都隅田川三之作 きれ細工辻ビラ

Sumidagawa Minosaku: Public Flier of Crepe Works

Ippyoutei Yoshinobu

Edo-Tokyo Museum